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Prosthodontics

 

Prosthodontics is a branch of dentistry responsible for the restoration and replacement of missing teeth as well as aesthetic improvements of the  existing ones (both their function and aesthetic appearance), for the purpose of improving the quality of life.

It can be divided into
  • Fixed Prostheses
  • Mobile Prostheses
  • Combined Prostheses
Fixed Prostheses

According to the name, Fixed prostheses are the prosthetics that replace the missing teeth while they are permanently cemented (fixed) on implants.

Today, in the world of dentistry, there are 4 different ways of making crowns and bridges.

Veneers

Veneers are dental restorations  which primarily have an aesthetic purpose -correction of color and shape irregularities and position of the teeth in the frontal region.

A veneer is a thin layer of porcelain and it is usually less than 1 millimeter thick. It is  permanently cemented onto teeth with cements whose colour needs to be adapted to the base.

All-Ceramic Crowns

All-Ceramic Crowns have a full construction made of  some type of dental ceramic (a white glass-like material that resembles the look of dental enamel). All-Ceramics can be the most cosmetically pleasing of all of the different types of dental crowns. And for this reason, they often make an excellent choice for restoring front teeth.

However, still, they are not as strong as Porcelain-Fused-to-Metal Crowns.

Porcelain-Fused-to-Metal Crowns

Porcelain-Fused-to-Metal Crowns  are those that consist of a metal interior or base which is fused to porcelain crowns.

The main advantage of Porcelain-Fused-to-Metal Crown is its price. As far as disadvantages are concerned, there is a  lack of aesthetics and certain black edges along the gums. Eliminating the metal from crowns and bridges and replacing it with zirconia, all the problems caused by metal are solved. 

The production of Zirconia or milled crown is done with the help of computers – CAD/CAM technique.

Removable Braces

Removable Braces are used in cases when, for various reasons, there is no possibility to install fixed or semi-fixed prosthetic braces.

Their main advantage is the fact that a patient can remove them from his mouth on his own, without a dentist. These braces do not cost too much and they are not so much  complicated to be made

There are several types of removable braces such as: total braces (dentures), partial acrylic braces, acrylic partial denture with metal base, combination braces.

Semi-Fixed Braces
Semi-Fixed Braces are placed on natural teeth or dental implants, and they are produced when it is not possible to set up a sufficient number of implants. Unlike fixed prosthetic works, semi-fixed prosthetics can be extracted.

 

During regular checkup, a dentist can extract the prosthetic work using special instruments and thoroughly clean it. Also, if necessary, it can easily be adapted to patient’s mouth or make some minor cosmetic changes.