Periodontics is one of the specialized branches of dentistry that deals with the treatment of soft tissues, ie. supporting structures (the gum,the alveolar bone and the fibers) that surround your teeth and make them more stable.
Periodontium is the functional unit of certain tissues that support the teeth, and it includes:
- Gingiva (Gums)
- Periodontal Ligament
- Cementum of the Tooth
- Alveolar Bone
Very poor oral hygiene which causes accumulation of bacteria as well as some acute and chronic infections of periodontal tissue usually lead to a disease called periodontitis.
Periodontal disease includes various forms of gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is the result of untreated inflammations of surface tissue while when it is spread to the deeper tissues, then it is called periodontitis. Additional factors which can contribute to this disease are: smoking, untreated diabetes, stress, pregnancy and heritage.
It is of paramount importance to halt the progression of periodontal disease before it causes further damage to the gum tissues and jawbone. So, if plaque is not removed, it turns into calculus (tartar). When plaque and calculus are not removed, they begin to destroy the gums and bone.