Oral surgery is a special branch of dentistry that deals with the surgical procedures in the oral cavity. With today’s methods for administering local anesthesia, it helps us to get to the desired results in a painless way.
There are plenty of surgical procedures and some of the most common are
- Dental Extraction
- Bone Augmentation
- Dental Implantology
Apicoectomy is a surgical procedure applied in the case of pathological changes such as infections near the apex of the root.
It happens after a tooth has had at least one root canal procedure and a treatment has not been successful or is not possible.
Dental extraction is the removal of a tooth from its socket in the bone. The most common reason for a tooth extraction is when there’s too much damage for the tooth to be repaired or, for instance, when a tooth cannot be saved with a root canal procedure.
Cystectomy means the removal of a cyst, i.e. the scraping out of the cyst cavity. A cyst is a tissue cavity that is enclosed by a membrane (epithelium) and may consist of several chambers, usually containing a liquid/mushy content.
Oral implantology is the incorporation of dental implants or an artificial tooth root that is placed to hold a replacement tooth or bridge.
Beside a tooth extraction, oral surgery deals with treatments of gum disease as well as the oral cavity reconstruction. If the wisdom teeth do not erupt into the mouth properly, it is necessary to extract them surgically.